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'Secret Garden'에 해당되는 글 2건

  1. 2008.03.11 학회 참석 - 대한뇌졸중학회 집담회 2008년 3월 11일 (4)
  2. 2006.03.31 TCD result -총예제
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저녁에 하는 집담회... ^^;;;
TCD에 대한 내용은 들을만 한데.. 영어다....^^
Posted by Goo M.D. Trackback 0 Comment 4

ID : 10961490

<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
        ICA    MCA    ACA    PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left     48     77     55     48      16     50
--------------------------------------------------   51
Right    44     76     56     46      16     47   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral ICA, ACA, and PCA.
- Mildly increased flow velocity are shown in bilateral MCA and VA.
- Normal mean velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in BA.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Complete TCD study.
- No gross abnormalities of waveforms and flow velocities in the circle of Willis and the vertebral arteries.
- Mildly increased flow velocities at bilateral middle cerebral artery and vertebral artery demonstrate vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID : 10384237
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
       ICA     MCA     ACA     PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left    30      90      63      70      27     53
--------------------------------------------------   75
Right   47      99      91      75      29     53   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral ICA, left ACA.
- Increased flow velocity are shown in bilateral MCA, right ACA, bilateral PCA, VA, and BA.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Complete TCD study.
- Increased flow velocities at bilateral MCA, right ACA, bilateral PCA, VA, and BA demonstrate vascular abnormality or technical problem(such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.


ID : 10174922
2006-03-24 14:55  TCD/1차

<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
         ICA      MCA    ACA     PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left     32       79       62        45        15       37
--------------------------------------------------   37
Right   38       76       53        44        14       32   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral ICA, ACA, PCA, bilateral VA, and BA.
- Mildly increased mean velocity are shown in bilateral MCA.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Complete TCD study.
- No gross abnormalities of waveforms and flow velocities in the circle of Willis and the vertebral arteries.
- Mild increased flow velocity at bilateral MCA demonstrate vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.


ID : 10964156
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
          ICA     MCA     ACA     PCA     Opth     VA       BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left       13                           -27        13        23
--------------------------------------------------   19
Right     15       53        26      -23        13        21   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in right MCA.
- Decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral ICA, PCA, and VA, right ACA, and BA.
- Unobtainable left MCA and ACA flow.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Poor left temporal window.
- Decreased flow velocity at bilateral ICA, PCA, and VA, right ACA, and BA demonstrate vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.

* 참고 : PCA는 P1, P2 segment에 따라 retrograde가 나올수도 있고, anterograde 나올 수 있음.

ID : 10964148
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
         ICA     MCA     ACA     PCA     Opth    VA        BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left      32                                         10       25
--------------------------------------------------   23
Right     22                                        9        25   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in left ICA and bilateral VA.
- Decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in right ICA and BA.
- Unobtainable bilateral MCA, ACA, and PCA flow.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor bilateral temporal windows.
- Decreased flow velocity at right internal carotid artery and basilar artery might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID : 10331765
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
                  ICA     MCA    ACA     PCA   Opth   VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left              24        55
--------------------------------------------------
Right                                             70
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in left MCA.
- Decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in left ICA.
- Increased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in right PCA.
- Unobtainable right ICA, MCA, bilateral ACA, left PCA, bilateral Opthalmic arteries, VA, and BA flow.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of multiple unvisualized intra/extracranial cerebral vessels.
- Abnormal flow velocities at left extracranial ICA and right VA might be come from a vascular abnormality or techinical problem (such as poor insonation angle). Especially, vascular stenosis of right VA is suspected.

ID : 10949022
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
            ICA      MCA      ACA      PCA     Opth     VA      BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left       22                                              27     38
--------------------------------------------------      35
Right     17                                              17     70   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in left VA and BA.
- Decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral ICA.
- Increased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in right VA.
- Unobtainable bilateral MCA, ACA, and PCA flow.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor bilateral temporal windows.
- Abnormal flow velocities at bilateral ICAs and right VA might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle). Especially vascular stenosis at right VA is suspected.
- Clinical correlation and further vascular study are needed.

ID : 10065076
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
           ICA     MCA    ACA    PCA      Opth     VA      BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left       27                                        22     26
--------------------------------------------------   31
Right     27                                        23     27   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral VA and BA.
- Mildly decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral extracranial ICA.
- Unobtainable bilateral MCA, ACA, and PCA flow.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor bilateral temporal windows.
- No gross abnormalities of wave froms and flow velocities in ophthalmic and vertebrobasilar arteries.
- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID : 10965577
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
            ICA      MCA    ACA    PCA     Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left        27        42       64       36         16      30
--------------------------------------------------  32
Right       27       40       62       32         16     26   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral MCA, ACA, PCA, VA, and BA.
- Mildly decreased flow velocity are shown in bilateral extracrnial ICA.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Complete TCD study.
- No gross abnormalities of waveforms and flow velocities in the circle of Willis and the vertebral arteries.
- These findings are normal TCD study.

ID : 10974973
Name : ㄴ ㅇ ㄱ
Sex/Age : F/22
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
         ICA     MCA     ACA     PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left     41       58        51        36        23       36
--------------------------------------------------   48
Right   45       59        54        39        23       39   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral extracranial ICA, MCA, ACA, PCA, VA, and BA.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Complete TCD study.
- No gross abnormalities of waveforms and flow velocities in the circle of Willis and the vertebral arteries.
- These findings are normal TCD study.

ID : 10965441
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
        ICA    MCA    ACA    PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left      31     59           28      17     20
--------------------------------------------------  32
Right     28                  27      12     30   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in left MCA , bilateral ICA, PCA, right VA, and BA.
- Mildly decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in left VA.
- Unobtainable right MCA and bilateral ACA flow.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor right temporal window.
- Mildly decreased flow velocity at left VA might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.


ID : 10966656

<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
            ICA        MCA    ACA     PCA     Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left         38          51                    34       16       38
--------------------------------------------------     47
Right       41          73         71        28       17       40
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral extracrnial ICA, MCA, right ACA, bilateral PCA, VA, and BA.
- Unobtainable left ACA flow.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Unobtainable left ACA flow might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem.
- No gross abnormalities of waveforms and flow velocities in other vessels.
- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID : 10531409

<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
            ICA      MCA      ACA     PCA     Opth     VA    BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left          21                                             21      31
--------------------------------------------------    30
Right        25                                  28        12      31
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in right PCA, bilateral VA, and BA.
- Decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral extracranial ICAs.
- Unobtainable bilateral MCA, ACA, left PCA flows.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor bilateral temporal windows.
- Decreased flow velocity at bilateral extracranial ICAs might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.


ID : 10966870

<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
             ICA     MCA     ACA     PCA      Opth     VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left          12                              29         16        39
--------------------------------------------------     56
Right        26        60         53       27         12        53
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in right MCA, ACA, bilateral PCA, left VA.
- Decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral extracranial ICAs.
- Increased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in right VA and BA.
- Unobtainable left MCA and ACA flows.

- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor left temporal window.
- Abnormal flow velocities at bilateral extracranial ICAs, right VA, and BA might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).

- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID : 10967561
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
            ICA        MCA    ACA     PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left         22                                           15      21
--------------------------------------------------   24
Right       23                                           15      25
----------------------------------------------------------

- Decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral extracranial ICA, VA, and BA.
- Unobtainable bilateral MCA, ACA, and PCA flow.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor bilateral temporal windows.
- Decreased flow velocities at bilateral extracranial ICA, VA, and BA might be come from vascular abnormality, hyperventilation, or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation and further vascular study are needed.


ID : 10969105
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
               ICA    MCA    ACA    PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left            14                                       16      46
-------------------------------------------------- 34
Right          18                                        16     24
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in left VA and BA.
- Decreased flow velocity and normal pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral extracranial ICA and right VA.
- Unobtainable bilateral MCA, ACA, and PCA flows.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor bilateral temporal windows.
- Decreased flow velocities at bilateral extracranial ICA and right VA might be come from vascular abnormality, hyperventilation, or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID: 10843003
Name : ㅈ ㅇ ㅇ
Sex/Age : F/52
<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
       ICA    MCA    ACA    PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left     42    95     76     65      16     55
--------------------------------------------------  71
Right    53    108    92     67      22     61   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral extracranial ICA and left ACA.
- Increased flow velocities are shown in bilateral MCA, right ACA, bilateral PCA, VA and BA.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Complete TCD study.
- Increased flow velocities at bilateral MCA, right ACA, bilateral PCA, VA and BA might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID : 10825678
Sex/Age : M/69

<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
           ICA     MCA     ACA     PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left       24        43        51        38       17       21
--------------------------------------------------    26
Right     30        55        50        42       16       21   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral MCA, ACA, and PCA.
- Mildly decreased flow velocities are shown in bilateral extracrnial ICA, VA, and BA.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Complete TCD study.
- Decreased flow velocity at bilateral extracrnial ICA, VA, and BA might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Irregular pulse waves are shown during this study and cardiac arrythmia is suspected.
- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID : 10953269
Sex/Age : M/59

<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
       ICA     MCA    ACA    PCA     Opth   VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left    20      48             22     16     20
--------------------------------------------------  20
Right   26      51             33     22     17   
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral MCA and PCA.
- Mildly decreased flow velocity are shown in bilateral extracranial ICA, VA, and BA.
- Unobtainable bilateral ACA flows.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Unobtainable bilateral ACA flows might be come from vascular abnormality or technical problem.
- Decreased flow velocity at bilateral extracranial ICA, VA, and BA might be come from technical problem (such as poor insonation angle), or systemic reason (such as hypotension).
- Clinical correlation is needed.

ID : 10606572
Name : ㅊㅂㅅ
Sex/Age : F/55

R/O Brain death

<Result>
-The mean velocities (cm/sec) of cerebral blood flow measured by TCD-
       ICA     MCA    ACA     PCA    Opth    VA     BA
----------------------------------------------------------
Left    25      42      18     29     21      
--------------------------------------------------  
Right   28      46      68     39     39          
----------------------------------------------------------

- Normal flow velocity, pulsatile index, resistence index are shown in bilateral MCA, right ACA, and bilateral PCA.
- Decreased flow velocities are shown in bilateral extracrnial ICA and left ACA.
- Normal anterograde flows are shown in bilateral ophthalmic arteries.

<Interpretation>
- Incomplete TCD study because of poor cooperation (bed-ridden).
- Decreased flow velocity at bilateral extracrnial ICA and left ACA might be come from vascular abnormality, hyperventilation, or technical problem (such as poor insonation angle).
- Clinical correlation is needed.


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